Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements. Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is a major component used in buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines, appliances, and weapons.
Iron is the base metal of steel. Iron is able to take on two crystalline forms (allotropic forms), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC), depending on its temperature. In the body-centred cubic arrangement, there is an iron atom in the centre of each cube, and in the face-centred cubic, there is one at the center of each of the six faces of the cube.
It is the interaction of the allotropesof iron with the alloying elements, primarily carbon, that gives steel and cast iron their range of unique properties. This construction video presents some useful construction tips for calculating total weight of steel on the basis of unit weigh as well as various diameters like 8mm, 12mm, 16mm, 20mm, 25mm.